### Month: September 2017

Hamiltonian mechanics on the extended phase space

## Hamiltonian mechanics on the extended phase space

TL;DR – The most complete version of Hamiltonian mechanics lives on the extended phase space that includes position, momentum, time and energy. In this post we look at the most complete version of Hamiltonian mechanics. It is kind of a shame that this is not the version taught because it is the one that works …

How Hamiltonians vary under coordinate changes

## How Hamiltonians vary under coordinate changes

TL;DR – Hamiltonians are not invariant: they change as the time component of a covector (i.e. covariant component) in phase space. In the previous post we saw how momentum varies as covariant components and that keeps the Hamiltonian equations unchanged under coordinate transformations. We have also seen, though, that under coordinate transformations that mix time …